The backbone of any league tournament is formed by the teams that participate in it. The same is true for the Indian Premier League where the IPL teams are the heart and soul of the tournament. Quite a few teams have participated in the IPL with some leaving due to financial difficulties or legal disputes. Despite the issues, every year the tournament has comprised of eight teams.
All eight teams have fierce and loyal fans who come in thousands to cheer their team especially when matches are played on their home ground. The rivalry between teams also transcends into their fans making the game a high voltage carnival.
In this section, I will dig into each team providing information on their owners, squad, and the grounds they play on. I will also be sharing some interesting trivia about the teams.
CHENNAI SUPER KINGS
Team Owner: India Cement
Coach: Stephen Fleming
Captain: Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Chennai Super Kings is the franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Chennai, Tamilnadu. In the team auction before the inaugural season of Indian Premier League 2008, Chennai Super Kings was bought by India Cements at $91 million.
The home ground of this IPL team is M.A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai. They are considered one of the top-performing teams in the IPL under the capable leadership of Mahendra Singh Dhoni. Chennai Super Kings bagged the championship title consecutively in 2010 and 2011 and then in 2018.
The IPL team also had its fair share of controversy. In 2015 Chennai Super Kings were banned from participating in IPL for two years owing to the owner’s involvement in the infamous 2013 betting scandal. So the team was not able to participate in the 2016 and 2017 IPL seasons.
But they made a phenomenal return in 2018 as they not only participated in the IPL but also became the champions for the third time. The performance of Chennai Super Kings has been so consistent that they have been in IPL finals eight times out of the ten seasons they have participated.
Their brand value as of 2019 was $104 million.
IPL 2023 Squad
MS Dhoni, Ambati Rayudu, K Asif, Deepak Chahar, Dwayne Bravo, Faf du Plessis, Harbhajan Singh, Imran Tahir, Jagadeesan Narayan, Karn Sharma, Kedar Jadhav, Lungi Ngidi, Mitchell Santner, Monu Singh, Murali Vijay, Ravindra Jadeja, Ruturaj Gaikwad, Shane Watson, Shardul Thakur, Suresh Raina.
Bought in Auction: Josh Hazlewood, Piyush Chawla, R Sai Kishore, Sam Curran.
Former ICC Chairman N. Srinivasan had become the owner of CSK through his position as the vice president and MD of India Cements. This went against BCCI’s own rule that no board officials could have any commercial interest in IPL and Championship League. BCCI later tried to amend the rule but the supreme court struck it down. So Chennai Super Kings was created as a separate entity.
In the 2014 IPL, due to issues with the Tamilnadu government, all the home-ground matches were shifted from Chennai to Ranchi.
Reebok was the official kit manufacturer of Chennai Super Kings until 2014. The contract was then given to Australian apparel and sports manufacturer Spartan.
Team Owners: Amisha Hathiramani, Manoj Badale, Lachlan Murdoch, Shane Warne
Coach: Andrew Mcdonald
Captain: Steve Smith
Rajasthan Royals is a franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The team was bought by Emerging Media for a price of $61 million which made it the least expensive team among the eight teams auctioned.
It was considered one of the weakest IPL teams in the inaugural league that was played in 2008. But they surprised everyone by becoming the first IPL Champion by beating all the other formidable teams. The credit was given to Shane Watson who was also awarded both Men of the series and man of the tournament for scoring 472 runs and taking 17 wickets.
The team was then involved in a match-fixing scandal in which three players Sreesanth, Ankeet Chavan, and Ajit Chandila were suspended. The team was banned from playing in IPL for two years (2016 and 2017). The home ground for the team is Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur.
IPL 2022 Squad
Ankit Rajpoot, Ben Stokes, Jofra Archer, Jos Buttler, Mahipal Lomror, Manan Vohra, Mayank Markande, Rahul Tewatia, Riyan Parag, Sanju Samson, Shashank Singh, Shreyas Gopal, Steven Smith, Varun Aaron
Bought in auction: Akash Singh, Anirudha Joshi, Anuj Rawat, Andrew Tye, David Miller, Jaydev Unadkat, Kartik Tyagi, Oshane Thomas, Robin Uthappa, Tom Curran, Yashasvi Jaiswal
The Kit manufacturers have changed multiple times. Reebok manufactured the kits from 2008 to 2009. They were replaced by Puma who manufactured it from 2010 to 2014. In 2015 it was Provogue manufactured the kits just for a year. Similarly, TYKA sport manufactured it for a year in 2018. Since 2019 it has been Alcis Sports.
The pink color in the team’s jersey represents Jaipur which is also known as the pink city.
KOLKATA KNIGHT RIDERS
Team Owners: Shahrukh Khan, Juhi Chawla, Jay Mehta
Coach: Brendon McCullum
Captain: Dinesh Kartik
Kolkata Knight Riders is a franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Kolkata. It was bought in an auction by Red Chillies Entertainment and Jay Mehta for $75.09 million. Saurav Ganguly was named as the Icon player for the team.
The home ground of the IPL team is the iconic Eden Gardens, Kolkata which is the world’s second-largest stadium. Kolkata Knight Riders have bagged two IPL championships in the year 2012 and 2014. They also hold the record for the longest winning streak by an Indian team in T20s.
IPL 2022 Squad
Andre Russell, Dinesh Karthik, Harry Gurney, Kamlesh Nagarkoti, Kuldeep Yadav, Lockie Ferguson, Nitish Rana, Prasidh Krishna, Rinku Singh, Sandeep Warrier, Shivam Mavi, Shubman Gill, Siddhesh Lad, Sunil Narine.
Bought in Auction: Chris Green, Eoin Morgan, M Siddharth, Nikhil Naik, Praveen Tambe, Pat Cummins, Rahul Tripathi, Tom Banton, Varun Chakravarthy.
The name of this IPL team was inspired by the popular American television series Knight Rider.
The KKR Jersey has been designed by famous Bollywood fashion designer Manish Malhotra.
The theme song Korbo “Khelbo Korbo Jeetbore” was scored by Bollywood music director Vishal Shekar.
In 2011 when Saurav Ganguly was not hired by the IPL team, there was a huge protest in west Bengal. The news made national and international headlines.
Pat Cummins was bought by KKR at 15.5 crores which is the biggest buy of the season and 2nd highest buy in IPL history.
Team Owners: Reliance Industries
Coach: Mahela Jayawardane
Captain: Rohit Sharma
Mumbai Indians is a franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Mumbai. It was bought in an auction by Reliance Industries for $111.9 million making it the most expensive team in IPL. Mumbai Indians are also the most successful team in the league. They bagged the championship trophy in 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019. They also won the Championship league in 2011 and 2013.
In 2017 this IPL team became the first to surpass the $100 million mark in brand value. The team’s captain Rohit Sharma is the highest run-scorer in the team, while bowler Lasith Malinga is the highest wicket-taker in IPL. The home ground for the team is Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai.
IPL 2022 Squad
Aditya Tare, Anmolpreet Singh, Anukul Roy, Dhawal Kulkarni, Hardik Pandya, Ishan Kishan, Jasprit Bumrah, Jayant Yadav, Kieron Pollard, Krunal Pandya, Lasith Malinga, Mitchell McCleneghan, Quinton de Kock, Rahul Chahar, Rohit Sharma, Sherfane Rutherford, Suryakumar Yadav, Trent Boult.
Bought in Auction: Chris Lynn, Digvijay Deshmukh, Mohsin Khan, Nathan Coulter-Nile, Prince Balwant Rai Singh, Saurabh Tiwary.
Mumbai Indians were the most-watched team on television in the first and second seasons of the IPL with a viewership of 239 million.
The team was initially named “Mumbai Razors ” but it was Sachin Tendulkar who suggested changing it to “Mumbai Indians”
Adidas was the Kit manufacturer of Mumbai Indians until 2015 when it was replaced by Performax which is an in-house brand of Reliance Trends
Team Owners: Sun TV Network
Coach: Trevor Bayliss
Captain: David Warner
Sunrisers Hyderabad is a franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Hyderabad. The team was earlier known as Deccan chargers from 2008 until 2012. Then due to financial issues faced by then-owners – Deccan Chronicle, the team was put on sale.
Sun Tv network which is South India’s largest media conglomerate bought it for $60 million in a five-year deal. The home ground for the team is Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium, Hyderabad. The brand value of Sunrisers Hyderabad in 2019 was $68million.
This IPL team when debuted in 2013 was considered as underdogs yet they made into the top four in the season. The following two seasons were not great but then in 2016 they came back spectacularly and won their maiden championship.
IPL 2020 Squad
Abhishek Sharma, Basil Thampi, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Billy Stanlake, David Warner, Jonny Bairstow, Kane Williamson, Manish Pandey, Mohammad Nabi, Rashid Khan, Sandeep Sharma, Shahbaz Nadeem, Shreevats Goswami, Siddarth Kaul, Khaleel Ahmed, T Natarajan, Vijay Shankar, Wriddhiman Saha.
Bought in Auction: Abdul Samad, Fabian Allen, Mitchell Marsh, Priyam Garg, Sandeep Bavanaka, Sanjay Yadav, Virat Singh.
Sunrisers Hyderabad has played against Chennai Super Kings thrice in the finals and unfortunately lost all of them.
In 2019 Sunrisers Hyderabad made their highest total against RCB which was 231/2
Team Owners: GMR Group & JSW Group
Coach: Ricky Pointing
Captain: Shreyas Iyer
Delhi Capitals is a franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Delhi. Until 2017, the team was known by the name Delhi Daredevils. In 2018 the name was changed to Delhi Capitals. It is the only team in the IPL that has never appeared in the IPL final. During the auction Delhi capitals were bought by GMR Group for $84 million.
In 2018 GMR sold 50% of its stake in the IPL team to JSW Sports for $77 million. The home ground of the team is Arun Jaitley Stadium, New Delhi. The brand value of the team in 2019 was $49 million. The team has constantly shuffled its players every year which could be one of the reasons why they have never reached the IPL final.
IPL 2020 Squad
Ajinkya Rahane, Amit Mishra, Avesh Khan, Axar Patel, Harshal Patel, Ishant Sharma, Kagiso Rabada, Keemo Paul, Prithvi Shaw, Ravichandran Ashwin, Rishabh Pant, Sandeep Lamichhane, Shikhar Dhawan, Shreyas Iyer.
Bought in Auction: Alex Carey, Chris Woakes, Lalit Yadav, Jason Roy, Marcus Stoinis, Mohit Sharma, Shimron Hetmyer, Tushar Deshpande.
In 2015 auction of IPL, Indian cricketer Yuvraj Singh was bought by Delhi Capitals at a whopping 16 crores which made him the costliest player in the history of IPL.
This record remains unbroken even in 2020.
KINGS XI PUNJAB
Team Owners: Mohit Burman, Ness Wadia, Preity Zinta, Karan Paul
Coach: Anil Kumble
Captain: K L Rahul
Kings XI Punjab is a franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Mohali, Punjab. The team was bought for $76 million in the auction. The home ground of the team is PCA stadium, Mohali.
This IPL team has struggled in the IPL despite having star-studded players like Chirs Gayle, Glen Maxwell, and K L Rahul. They have managed to reach the final only once in 2014. Since then they have struggled to even make into the playoffs.
K L Rahul has been the highest scorer in the team with 593 runs in 14 matches.
IPL 2020 Squad
Arshdeep Singh, Chris Gayle, Darshan Nalkande, Krishnappa Gowtham, Hardus Viljoen, Harpreet Brar, Jagadeesha Suchith, Karun Nair, KL Rahul, Mandeep Singh, Mayank Agarwal, Mohammed Shami, Mujeeb Ur Rahman, Murugan Ashwin, Nicholas Pooran, Sarfaraz Khan.
Bought in Auction: Chris Jordan, Deepak Hooda, Glenn Maxwell, Ishan Porel, James Neesham, Prabhsimran Singh, Ravi Bishnoi, Sheldon Cottrell, Tajinder Dhillon.
In 2010 there was a huge controversy between BCCI and Lalit Modi and during that period the contract of King XI Punjab was terminated. The team took the issue to Mumbai high court post which Kings XI Punjab was reinstated.
The K.J.P.H written on the team’s logo is Kashmir, Jammu, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab which are the regions the team represents.
ROYAL CHALLENGERS BANGALORE
Team Owners: United Spirits Limited
Coach: Simon Katich
Captain: Virat Kohli
Royal Challengers Bangalore is a franchise team of the Indian Premier League that is based in Bangalore. The team was bought by United Spirits Limited for $111.6 million making it the second most expensive team purchase in IPL team auction.
The home ground of Royal Challengers is M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore. The brand value of the team in 2019 was $83 million. Although the team has never won the IPL championship, they have been runners up in 2009, 2011, and 2016. They are given the tag of “underachievers “ as they have one of the highest profiled players yet have never been able to win the IPL title.
Royal challengers have an active rivalry with Chennai Super Kings as it stems from the real conflict between the two states Karnataka and Tamilnadu over the Kaveri River.
IPL 2020 Squad
AB de Villiers, Devdutt Padikkal, Gurkeerat Singh, Moeen Ali, Mohammed Siraj, Navdeep Saini, Parthiv Patel, Pawan Negi, Shivam Dube, Umesh Yadav, Virat Kohli, Washington Sundar, Yuzvendra Chahal.
Bought in Auction: Aaron Finch, Chris Morris, Dale Steyn, Isuru Udana, Joshua Philippe, Kane Richardson, Pavan Deshpande, Shahbaz Ahamad.
The team interestingly holds the title for the highest and lowest total in IPL – 263 /5 and 49.
In 2016 Virat Kohli declared that RCB would be his permanent IPL franchise that he would play in IPL.
The name for the franchise came out of the united spirit’s highest-selling liquor brand Royal Challenge.
Reebok manufactured the kit from 2008 to 2014 followed by Adidas in 2015. After 2016 Zeven has been the kit manufacturer.
IPL Teams that no longer exists
The dream of an IPL team has not been favourable for everyone and in the 12 seasons that have been played, there have been teams that got caught in the legal issue or financial turmoil because of which they had to dissolve. Below are the teams and a brief about them.
This IPL team debuted in 2011 and was based in Kochi, Kerala. The owner of the team was Rendezvous Consortium. The home ground for the team was Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Kochi. Unfortunately the team dissolved after playing just one season.
This IPL team Debuted in 2011 and was based in Pune, Maharashtra. The team was owned by Subrata Roy of Sahara Group. The team played from 2011 to 2013 with rather poor performance. A financial dispute between the team owner and BCCI caused the team to withdraw and subsequently dissolve.
Rising Pune Supergiant
This IPL team debuted in 2016 and served as a replacement for the Rajasthan Royals and Chennai Super Kings who were suspended for two years. The team was owned by Rajiv Goenka of the Goenka Group. It was in existence only for two years but managed to get into IPL finals in 2017 against Mumbai Indians. They lost the final by just 1 run.
This IPL team just like Pune supergiant served as a replacement for two suspended teams – Rajasthan Royals and Chennai Super Kings. The home ground of the team was Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot. It was owned by Keshav Bansal. They played for two seasons. In 2016 they scored 3rd spot in the league while in 2017 they scored 7th spot.
All eight IPL teams have their unique identities and achievements. They also have huge fan followings who support their team in their highs and lows. No one can predict which team will win the league as there have been a lot of instances where the unexpected teams have emerged from the bottom and went on to win the championship. And that’s exactly what makes Indian premier league the most popular tournament in the world.